To support management and participatory management initiatives in Mamirauá RDS and Amanã RDS, through research, development and dissemination of knowledge in the following topics: sustainable agriculture, sustainable forest timber management, sustainable forest non-timber management, environmental education, environmental protection, and monitoring
Local Mamirauá RDS and Amanã RDS communities, scientific community, protected area managers, and other communities that benefit from the knowledge that results from the project
Tefé municipality (AM); Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve (RDS) – the municipalities of Uarini, Fonte Boa and Maraã (AM); Amanã RDS – the municipalities of Maraã, Barcelos and Coari (AM)
The Mamirauá (RDSM) and Amanã (RDSA) Sustainable Development Reserves are located in the Médio Solimões region, in the state of Amazonas, and cover an area close to 3.5 million hectares of flooded and dry forest.
As the Conservation Units (CUs) are classified as Sustainable Development Reserves, in Mamirauá and Amaná, scientific research is encouraged and local populations are allowed to live there and use the natural resources available, provided that this is done in accordance with the management plan and the zoning system designed for this purpose.
The Mamirauá Sustainable Development Institute (IDSM) shares the management of the reserves with the Amazonas State Secretariat for the Environment and Sustainable Development, conducting research and providing support to manage natural resources and for participative management.
The institute’s efforts in the Mamirauá and Amaná Reserves, which the federal government has identified as national research laboratories, contribute to generating technologies and know-how on managing resources and CUs, helping to increase the effectiveness of such units in protecting and sustainably managing natural resources.
The project receiving support from the Amazon Fund will enable the IDSM to develop participative management efforts in the RDSM and the RDSA, through research, developing and disseminating know-how so as to help enhance the effectiveness of the CUs in protecting the sustainable management of natural resources.
Efforts will be developed to train individuals to implement agroforestry systems (SAFs), sustainable cattle-raising and timber and non-timber forest management; technical assistance to extract andiroba and copaiba oil; a pilot experience in refrigerating fruit pulp from the SAFs on the reserves for commercialization; environmental education activities; training voluntary environmental agents and running environmental protection missions; monitoring the use of soil in the fields and remote monitoring based on satellite images focused on changes in soil use.
This project falls under the "Science, Innovation and Economic Instruments" (4) component of the logical framework of the Amazon Fund.
Click on the following image to view its objectives tree, that is, how the project's outputs and linked to the expected outcomes and impact.
|Date of approval||12.18.2012|
|Date of contract||08.07.2013||Disbursement period||75 months (from the date the contract was signed)|
|6º disbursements||06.21.2019||R$779,234.96||Total amount disbursed||R$8,504,678.54|
Total amount disbursed in relation to the Amazon Fund’s support
Regarding training and assistant of agroforestry multipliers, workshops were held to train family farmers in agroforestry systems (SAF) in two Sustainable Development Reserves (RDS), Piagaçú-Purus and Amanã, with the following purposes: (i) to encourage diversification in production; (ii) to contribute to increase agrobiodiversity and global biodiversity; (iii) to contribute alternative sources of income generation; and (iv) to afford improvement in soil management. Currently, SAF areas are producing a great diversity of fruit trees, which are being used for the subsistence of farming families and sales in local markets.
Regarding training and assistance of agroecological livestock multipliers, monthly field expeditions have been carried out to map and identify areas used by small livestock farmers, with the ensuing preparation of customized projects containing the land use maps of each area to support the implementation of Voisin-Style Rational Grazing (PRV) systems. Currently, three PRV areas are being implemented in RDSA, with the installation of fences around the systems, and solar energy and water supply systems are being completed. In addition, the implementation of a demonstration facility has been concluded in the rural area of the municipality of Tefé, where three workshops have been given to livestock farmers on forms of agroecological livestock management.
For the replication and multiplication of SAFs and agroecological livestock systems, technical advisory services were provided to farming families for the development of management practices and maintenance of their production areas, as well as for the management and maintenance of the implemented agroforestry system (SAF) experimental areas. In this line, technical advisory visits are also being made monthly to RDSA cattle breeders for the development of agroecological livestock management practices, directed towards herd vaccination, animal health management, animal management in experimental Voisin-Style Rational Grazing (PRV) systems and in traditional breeding areas. The results of these activities can already be seen among the families of farmers and cattle breeders, who have shown assimilation of agroecological management practices of SAF, herd and PRV systems, which have been developed in the technical advisory services incorporated into traditional farming management practices.
Concerning the implementation of solar energy systems to support the cooling and storage of fruit pulp, expeditions were made to the community of Boa Esperança, RDSA, to hold meetings and mobilize residents to implement the fruit processing plant, locally called Casa das Polpas. In this period, Casa das Polpas was implemented and, in its internal facilities, contains equipment to help producers process fruit pulp from agroforestry sites and store production prior to distribution. The external structure, consisting of the solar energy system and water supply systems (well and rainwater harvesting), has been installed and is being used by the community residents and group of producers. In parallel with the activities mentioned above, meetings were held with the community residents focused on presenting the project, action plan, mobilization and identification of producers currently involved in the activities of Casa das Polpas.
Also noteworthy is the Community Forest Management Program (PMFC), which guided the activities of timber and nontimber forest management in the RDSM and RDSA. Through this project, community associations with previous experience in forest management were trained in the latest techniques, aiming to give the activity sustainability. Also during this period, new associations received assistance, thus spreading forest management as an alternative for income generation among RDSM residents and users. The nontimber component involved communities that use diverse forest resources such as fibers, oils and clay. The training strategies of these groups are customized according to the resource they use, and assistance is provided in natural resources management and monitoring.
Seeds of lowland forest tree species were collected at the Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve (RDSM) to develop seed biometrics analysis of different matrices and seed emergency tests in a greenhouse of the Mamirauá Institute for Sustainable Development.
In the Amanã and Mamirauá RDSs, young researchers monitor the production of crabwood seeds in collectors placed below the crabwood tree canopy to support good practices in the use of this resource and to evaluate the quality of those trees. At the same time, the production of a crabwood oil extraction machine is in an experimental phase and a facility is being built in the Batalha de Baixo community, in RDSM, with a water harvesting system, ecological stove and solar energy to receive the machine and experiment with crabwood oil extraction.
Environmental education activities were carried out within the Biorec Project, involving meetings, lectures and workshops with diverse audiences to raise awareness on the appropriate and sustainable use of natural resources and on community strengthening, as well as the production of specialized textbooks adapted to the reality of the target audience and the spread of management plan standards, both in the reserves and in the municipal centers around those areas. Nurseries were implemented and/or other community spaces were used to produce timber and fruit tree seedlings and community gardens for educational purposes. The initiatives carried out in rural communities include not only meetings and workshops but also participation in community events, discussion meetings with residents about the progress of activities and regular visits to monitor the work. The 38 activities included meetings, workshops, lectures and exhibitions with a total of 693 participants. Of these, 22 were workshops with 443 participants.
Seven workshops to train voluntary environmental agents (AAV) have already been held, attended by 266 people. As part of a continuing training strategy to strengthen this group, 22 other training sessions have already been held on various topics. To monitor the activities of AVVs, 19 trips were made to the reserves.
Also noteworthy is field monitoring of the opening of forest habitats (shrubs or dense forest) for agricultural use, with analysis of the dynamics of migratory agriculture in RDSA and the consequent consolidation of a database with information on the history of land use in these areas and the size and scale of agricultural activity practiced in these regions. Around 60 maps were produced identifying agricultural activity communities/sectors in these regions. The research results are being disclosed in national events and published in scientific abstracts and papers.
Methodologies are being studied using satellite imagery to monitor changes caused by the conversion of forest habitat (shrubs or dense forest) due to forest use by local populations, focusing especially on migratory agricultural practices (areas used for crops and/or livestock breeding) and monitoring of regeneration in clearings derived from the community forest management process. Complementary action aims to include the local population in research development through participatory mapping and training in the use of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), social cartography and satellite imagery reading.
In this area we offer some PDF files with the main publications generated by the project. Click the filename to start the download.