To support management and participatory management initiatives in Mamirauá RDS and Amanã RDS, through research, development and dissemination of knowledge in the following topics: sustainable agriculture, sustainable forest timber management, sustainable forest non-timber management, environmental education, environmental protection, and monitoring
Local Mamirauá RDS and Amanã RDS communities, scientific community, protected area managers, and other communities that benefit from the knowledge that results from the project
Tefé municipality (AM); Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve (RDS) – the municipalities of Uarini, Fonte Boa and Maraã (AM); Amanã RDS – the municipalities of Maraã, Barcelos and Coari (AM)
The Mamirauá (RDSM) and Amanã (RDSA) Sustainable Development Reserves are located in the Médio Solimões region, in the state of Amazonas, and cover an area close to 3.5 million hectares of flooded and dry forest.
As the Conservation Units (CUs) are classified as Sustainable Development Reserves, in Mamirauá and Amaná, scientific research is encouraged and local populations are allowed to live there and use the natural resources available, provided that this is done in accordance with the management plan and the zoning system designed for this purpose.
The Mamirauá Sustainable Development Institute (IDSM) shares the management of the reserves with the Amazonas State Secretariat for the Environment and Sustainable Development, conducting research and providing support to manage natural resources and for participative management.
The institute’s efforts in the Mamirauá and Amaná Reserves, which the federal government has identified as national research laboratories, contribute to generating technologies and know-how on managing resources and CUs, helping to increase the effectiveness of such units in protecting and sustainably managing natural resources.
The project receiving support from the Amazon Fund will enable the IDSM to develop participative management efforts in the RDSM and the RDSA, through research, developing and disseminating know-how so as to help enhance the effectiveness of the CUs in protecting the sustainable management of natural resources.
Efforts will be developed to train individuals to implement agroforestry systems (SAFs), sustainable cattle-raising and timber and non-timber forest management; technical assistance to extract andiroba and copaiba oil; a pilot experience in refrigerating fruit pulp from the SAFs on the reserves for commercialization; environmental education activities; training voluntary environmental agents and running environmental protection missions; monitoring the use of soil in the fields and remote monitoring based on satellite images focused on changes in soil use.
This project falls under the "Science, Innovation and Economic Instruments" (4) component of the logical framework of the Amazon Fund.
Click on the following image to view its objectives tree, that is, how the project's outputs and linked to the expected outcomes and impact.
|Date of approval||12.18.2012|
|Date of contract||08.07.2013||Disbursement period||75 months (from the date the contract was signed)|
|6º disbursements||06.21.2019||R$779,234.96||Total amount disbursed||R$8,504,678.54|
Total amount disbursed in relation to the Amazon Fund’s support
Regarding training and assistant of agroforestry multipliers, workshops were held to train 60 family farmers in agroforestry systems (SAF) in two Sustainable Development Reserves (RDS), Piagaçú-Purus and Amanã, with the following purposes: (i) to encourage diversification in production; (ii) to contribute to increase agrobiodiversity and global biodiversity; (iii) to contribute alternative sources of income generation; and (iv) to afford improvement in soil management.
In regards to training and assistance for agroecological livestock farmers, four workshops were held with 33 cattle ranchers in the Amanã RDSA with the purpose of guiding the implementation of the Voisin Rational Grazing (PRV) social technology, besides strengthening the dissemination of agroecological livestock practices, contributing to the sustainability of livestock management and animal husbandry in these areas.
Through the use of georeferencing tools, animal breeding areas were identified and mapped in the field. Four PRV experimental areas for agroecological livestock management were implemented: one exhibition unit, located in a rural area in the municipality of Tefé, and three experimental units in the RDSA. The areas already have solar-energy devices to power their irrigation and water distribution. Farmers are still installing fences around their respective perimeters.
11 SAF areas were implemented. These are being managed and enriched by smallholder families. Currently, these areas are able to produce a great diversity of local and regional crops, including cassava, fruit, vegetables and medicinal plants used for family subsistence and sold at local fairs.
For the replication and multiplication of SAFs and agroecological livestock systems, around 60 technical advisory activities were carried out to follow up with farmers who are developing management and maintenance practices in their productive areas. In the same vein, approximately 100 technical advisory activities were carried out among the RDSA’s cattle breeders, aiming to provide guidance in agroecological livestock management, disseminate information regarding herd vaccination, animal health management, and animal management in PRV areas as well as traditional livestock farming areas. The results of these activities can already be ascertained among small farmers and cattle ranchers. They have demonstrably appropriated themselves of agroecological practices in the managing of SAFs, cattle herds and PRV systems. These practices were developed during the provision of technical advisory services, and later incorporated into otherwise traditional management practices.
Regarding the implementation of solar energy systems to support the cooling and storage of fruit pulps, periodic expeditions were carried out to the community of Boa Esperança, RDSA, in order to hold meetings and mobilize residents around the implementation of the new fruit processing unit, locally known as “Casa das Polpas” (i.e. pulp house). This unit is now implemented, providing producers with equipment for processing and packaging fruit pulp brought from agroforestry sites. Its external structure, comprising solar energy and water supply systems (wells and rainwater catchment devices), is used not only by the fruit pulp producers, but also by the community at large. Moreover, 30 producers of the fruit pulp group participated in ten training workshops focused on the management of the unit and on best practices in fruit pulp production according to agroforestry methodologies. Throughout the period, fruit pulp production reached 4,705 kg.
Meanwhile, the Community Forest Management Program (PMFC) carried out lumber and non-lumber-related forest management activities in both the RDSM and RDSA. Community associations which already had some previous experience in lumber forestry were trained in the latest sustainability-focused techniques. New associations came under advisement, disseminating forest management as an alternative income-generating activity among the RDSM’s inhabitants and users. The project’s nontimber component brought together communities familiar with the use of different forest resources, such as fibers, oils and clay. Training strategies for these groups were customized to their specific resources of interest, and advisement activities were aimed at the sustainable management and monitoring of natural resources.
Eight workshops for training volunteer environmental agents (AAVs) were held, attended by 298 people. Of these, 209 are active and make use of the knowledge acquired. As part of a strategy of continuous training to strengthen this group, 22 other training sessions were held on different topics. To monitor the activities of the AVVs, 21 trips were made to the reserves.
In regards to the monitoring of habitat conversion, changes in the landscape were surveyed on the basis of two studies: one carried out field monitoring of the transformation of forest habitats into livestock farming areas, and the other made use of satellite images to analyze migratory and livestock agriculture in the RDSA. Areas were monitored in the field and by satellite images, totaling 6,882.40 hectares of total areas converted and mapped by remote sensing. A database was consolidated with information regarding the history of use of these areas and the size and scale of agricultural activity practiced in these regions. The project monitored 128.45 hectares and prepared 196 maps identifying communities/development sectors of agricultural activity in these regions and this the information was brought back to the communities to be used by local leaders in planning their activities. The results of the research are being disseminated at national and international events and published in scientific abstracts and articles.
In this area we offer some PDF files with the main publications generated by the project. Click the filename to start the download.