Gestão Socioambiental de Municípios do Pará (Socio-environmental Management in Municipalities of Pará)

PROJECT CONCLUDED IN 2014

Project management

Institute of People and the Environment of the Amazon (IMAZON)

Territorial scope

11 municipalities in the state of Pará

Beneficiary

Total population in 11 municipalities – 482,000 inhabitants, according to the 2008 Census conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE)

Objective

To mobilize state and municipal governments, rural producers, unions and associations, aimed at: speeding up adherence to the Rural Environmental Registration (CAR); monitoring deforestation using satellite images; and helping plan landscaping as well as restoring degraded areas in the Uraim River Basin, in the municipality of Paragominas

Total cost of the project

R$ 9,736,473.00

Amazon Fund support

R$ 9,736,473.00                           (US$ 4,156,267.62)

Estimated completion date

36 months (from the date the contract was signed)

  

Progress of the project

 

Date approved

12.1.2009

Date awarded

7.29.2010

1st disbursement on 1.28.2011

R$ 747,061.33

2nd disbursement on 9.19.2011

R$ 2,829,395.03

3rd disbursement on 2.24.2012

R$ 1,499,887.07

4rd disbursement on 9.10.2012

R$ 1,499,887.06

5th disbursement on 9.25.2013

R$ 1,738,133.38

6th disbursement on 3.27.2014

R$ 1.422.109,13

Total amount disbursed

R$ 9,736,473.00

Total amount disbursed in relation to the Amazon Fund’s support

100%

 Project manager’s site: www.imazon.org.br

CONTEXTUALIZATION

The state of Pará is one of the federation’s states with the highest deforestation rates, according to 2013 data collected by the National Institute for Space Research (INPE). The project will benefit 11 municipalities within the state: Abel Figueiredo, Bom Jesus do Tocantins, Moju, Dom Eliseu, Goianésia do Pará, Itupiranga, Jacundá, Paragominas, Rondon do Pará, Tailândia and Ulianópolis.

The municipalities in this project are part of the meso-region known as the Para South East (with the exception of Tailândia). Raising beef cattle, with a herd of more than 2 million head, stands apart as one of the main economic activities in the region. The state of Pará has the fifth largest beef hear in the country, with approximately 17 million head, and the main agricultural products that are produced include rice, beans, soybean and corn, according to the 2009 Census conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).

It is also important to mention that the Ministry of the Environment has included seven of the 11 municipalities in the project on a list of priority municipalities to prevent and control deforestation in the Amazon. Four of these were later removed from the list as they have been monitoring deforestation and now have it under control. 

THE PROJECT

The project IMAZON developed in the state of Pará is based on incentives for rural producers to adhere to the Rural Environmental Registration (CAR), making territorial regularization of the properties a possibility, as well as access to credit.

CAR enables municipal and state environmental agencies to have a more precise understanding with regards to the rural areas in their territories. Adhering to CAR implies a commitment from rural owners – confirmed when signing the Term of Conduct Change (TAC) – to recover degraded areas, which also helps exclude those municipalities, which these rural areas belong to, from the list of municipalities that deforest more in the Amazon.

The project monitors deforestation in these municipalities using satellite images. IMAZON uses its monthly deforestation monitoring system, known as the Deforestation Alert System (SAD), to guide efforts that help inspect and reduce deforestation.

It is worth mentioning that the Paragominas territory – which is one of the municipalities that have most benefited from the project – contains the Uraim Basin, whose permanent preservation areas have largely been degraded, which has put the city’s water supply at risk. Close to 185 km long, the Uraim River supplies almost 80% of Paragominas’ water. One of the aims of the project is to focus on planning the river basin’s landscape to restore the degraded areas.

Analyzing satellite images helps identify the level of degradation of the area so as to define the better measures to take. Based on this information, a plan to recover the basin will be produced and used to: (i) guide those property owners in the region that sign the term of conduct change for environmental regularization of CAR; (ii) help implement a city council program to plant saplings; and (iii) aid analysis of business potential with carbon sequester via forest recovery in the region.

INTERVENTION LOGIC 

The project falls within the "Monitoring and Control", "Land-use Planning" and "Sustainable Production"components of the Amazon Fund's Logical Framework.

Click on the following image to view its objectives tree, that is, how the project's outputs are linked to the expected outcomes and impacts.

imagem_9_IMAZON_Arvore_de_Objetivos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACTIVITIES CONDUCTED

IMAZON helped prepare 10 municipalities to sign environmental regularization pacts in the state of Pará (as well as the municipality of Paragominas). Municipalities signed such pacts with local production sectors and society, establishing a commitment to environmental regularization, focusing on controlling deforestation and CAR for rural properties.

IMAZON’s support to organize the pacts included, among many other aspects, dialogue with key players, as well as technical support to design and revise pact documentation. Approximately 3,700 people took part in the event to sign the pacts, with 277 sectors representing society adhering (unions, associations, public spheres etc.) in the 10 municipalities.

SAD was applied in the 11 municipalities benefiting from the project, generating monthly information for the municipal environmental agencies, for the Pará State Secretariat of the Environment and for the Public Prosecutor’s Office to help them all combat deforestation.

Concerning training for geotechnology applied to municipal environmental management, some 54 municipal technicians were trained, as were 14 local association representatives, totaling 68 people. This was aimed at strengthening local capacities to interpret and use geotechnical information and resources in environmental management. Training covered: (i) Introduction to Geotechnology, (ii) Collaborative monitoring of deforestation (focus on verification in the field); (iii) Geotechnology applied to CAR (using GPS, participative mapping, QGIS and Simlam); and (iv) Environmental legislation and inspection.

Geographic reference bases were built in the scale 1:50.000 for the 11 municipalities in the project to help space management in the municipality as a whole and, especially, to receive the blueprints of the rural properties in the CAR activities and Rural Environmental Licensing (LAR).

The forest coverage was mapped out in permanent preservation areas (APPs) in the 11 municipalities in the project, thus identifying priority areas for forest recovery, given the APP’s systemic connection with conserving water sources.

Within the scope of the project, an assessment sought to evaluate the signing and fulfilling of the 42 Terms of Conduct Change (TACs) for environmental regularization of rural properties, resulting in the publication of a report entitled “Analysis of the Terms of Conduct Change to Recover Environmental Damage to Rural Properties in the State of Pará”.

Studies were done on the obstacles blocking further advances in land-title regularization within the scope of the Pará Land Institute (ITERPA). This analysis led to the drafting and publication of State Decree Nº. 739/2013, which establishes a special process for land-title regularization at a state level in municipalities that meet the target set forth in the Green Municipality Program (PMV). This process should be swifter due to the use of CAR information, but should guarantee broader transparency and access to information on the organ’s efforts.

Concerning land-title regularization, in conjunction with other partners, a study was published on the second year of the federal government’s Legal Land Program, entitled “Has land-title regularization moved ahead in the Amazon? The two years of the Legal Land Program”.

As a result of a collective effort, in which the project took part by including its own efforts, the municipalities Dom Eliseu, Ulianópolis and Tailândia managed to reduce municipal deforestation to less than 40 km²/year and insert CAR in more than 80% of the municipality’s registerable area. These cities were then removed from the Ministry of the Environment’s black list of municipalities that deforest the Amazon. Paragominas was also on this list; however, it was removed before this Project began.

Chart 1 Percentage of the area with CAR in the 11 municipalities in the project in relation to the registerable areas in each municipality.

IMAZON CAR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Source: SEMA-PA/Simlam, on 10.21.2013

* Municipalities that the Ministry of the Environment included on the list of priority municipalities for efforts to prevent and control deforestation in the Amazon Biome.

** Municipalities that are monitoring and have deforestation under control, and which have been removed from the list of priority municipalities.